A clause is a group of words having a subject and a verb. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. A dependent clause is always used as some part of speech. It can be an adjective, adverb, or noun. It cannot stand alone as a sentence.
A phrase is a group of words used as a sentence part. It does not have a subject and a verb. It can be a noun, adjective or adverb. We have studied the following phrases: prepositional, gerund, participial, and infinitive.
A compound sentence combines two or more independent clauses. Commas separate the clauses of a compound sentence. (A short sentence joined by andis sometimes combined without a comma.) Example: She talks and he listens. A semicolon can take the place of the conjunction and comma. Only clauses closely related in thought should be joined to make a compound sentence.
The conjunction should express the proper relationship between the clauses. Andjoins ideas of equal importance. Or joins clauses that express alternatives. Nor joins negative ideas together. But joins clauses that express contrasting ideas.
Do not confuse a compound sentence with a simple sentence having compound parts. Both sides of the conjunction will make sense in a compound sentence. Example: Mother baked a cake / and / I frosted it.
Instructions: Tell whether the following sentences are compound sentences or not. If they are not, tell which compound part they are.
1. The girl just sat there but said nothing.
2. I looked for the book, but I could not find it.
3. Jeff must have arrived safely, or we would have been notified.
4. One of my friends and his dad have flown to Brazil.
5. Everyone was playing or swimming in the pool.
6. Suddenly the rain poured down, and the party was ruined.
7. We will vacation in the Black Hills or at Waterton.
8. I haven't heard from Becky, nor do I expect a call soon.
9. I climbed the tree and looked in the bird's nest.
10. She planned to read the letter, but it could not be found.
--For answers scroll down.
1. compound verb
2. compound sentence
3. compound sentence
4. compound subject
5. compound verb
6. compound sentence
7. compound object of the preposition
8. compound sentence
9. compound verb
10. compound sentence
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