Adverb clauses like adjective clauses can give variety to your sentences. Sometimes we find adverb clauses that have left some words out. They are called reduced adverb clauses. Example: While (she was) speaking to the timid student, the teacher spoke slowly.
Instructions: Find the adverb clauses in these sentences and tell what word they modify. If it is a reduced adverb clause or elliptical adverb clause add the missing words.
1. You act as if I enjoy punishing you.
2. The contractor roughened the concrete while it was still wet.
3. My sister is smarter than I.
4. The manager talked with the workers after listening to their suggestions.
5. Before returning to work, he ate his lunch.
--For answers scroll down.
1. as if I enjoy punishing you modifies the verb act
2. while it was still wet modifies the verb roughened
3. than I (am smart) modifies the predicate adjective smarter
4. after (he had listened) to their suggestions modifies the verb talked
5. Before (he returned) to work modifies the verb ate
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